While it is by no means a solution to the problem of online harassment, there are key measures that can be taken to protect oneself in the event of attacks both minor and severe, as well as to prevent some of the more threatening forms of harassment, such as doxxing. Basic steps like being familiar with platform security settings, knowing how to report harassment, and better personal cybersecurity practices, such as using password managers, are good places to begin.
The Canadian Government provides a useful resource for basic cybersecurity awareness here.
The Centre for Identity at the University of Texas at Austin provides a detailed guide for protocol on privacy and safety on a variety of social media platforms here.
Drawing from expert opinion, Vice has some tips on navigating online harassment here.
BC Society of Transition Houses offers useful information on online safety through the Technology Safety Project here.
Data & Society has provided a useful set of guidelines for conducting risky research and protecting against online harassment here.
The AAUP is creating a database of self-reported harassment incidences, and can be reported to here.